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Africa

The African continent is undergoing profound transformations. Traditional and hybrid threats, growing violent extremism, structural and climate-related vulnerabilities, and migratory pressures represent some of the challenges faced by the continent.

At the same time, Africa is also witnessing fast-paced political, economic and technological progress. This is radically changing its societies and institutions,  with African countries gaining a new prominence in a multipolar world, as demonstrated by the accession of the African Union (AU) to the G20 in September 2023.

External shocks, such as the Covid-19 pandemic and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, have accelerated pre-existing trends.

The relationship between the European Union and African countries and institutions is also evolving, reflecting the new and more competitive geopolitical realities.

The Joint Communication ‘Towards a Comprehensive Strategy with Africa’ calls for a strengthened EU strategic alliance with Africa. It aims to enhance cooperation on global and multilateral affairs based on a clear understanding of respective and mutual interests and responsibilities. The Strategy also highlights shared commitments between the AU and EU, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Agenda 2063. ‘A Joint Vision for 2030’, adopted in 2022, reiterates the need for a closer partnership for a common future and identifies key priorities in four domains: prosperity and sustainability, peace and security, migration and mobility and multilateralism.

EUISS research on Africa

The EUISS provides innovative research, analysis and advice to support EU and Member States’ strategies and policies towards Africa. Our objective is to contribute to forging a stronger partnership between the two continents.

The EUISS uses its convening power to facilitate knowledge sharing, brainstorming, consensus building and dialogues with stakeholders and local partners, to break new ground on matters affecting Africa-EU relations. The Institute looks at evolving conflict dynamics across the continent, formulating recommendations on how to strengthen the implementation of the EU’s integrated approach.

The EUISS also monitors political, economic and security trends in countries at risk of falling or relapsing into conflict, to make the case for prevention when EU action can be impactful, using strategic foresight methodologies.

Finally, the EUISS studies the African geopolitical landscape and the role of new geopolitical actors projecting their influence in the continent, as well as related emerging challenges, such as cyber risks and hybrid threats.

Flagship initiatives

Chaillot Papers

Four flagship publications exploring the new geo-strategic landscape in Africa:

  • The Africa Atlas ‘maps’ areas of shared interest in the partnership between the EU and the AU and key trends and trajectories by means of visuals and infographics, thus letting data speak through graphics, charts and maps.
  • African Spaces accounts for physical and non-physical spaces where geopolitical competition takes place in the continent.
  • African Futures 2030 uses foresight scenarios to explore the implications of the African Continental Free Trade Area for peace and prosperity.
  • African Strategies analyses the evolution of European and global actors’ strategies towards the continent, as a result of the ‘new scramble for Africa’.

EUISS-COAFR Meetings 

Since January 2019, the EUISS organises regular meetings with the European Council’s Working Party on Africa (COAFR). Sessions are designed to provide delegates of EU Member States with innovative approaches and facilitate knowledge-sharing on selected regions, countries or topics, contributing to Africa-related policy planning and joint analysis.

Conflict Series – Policy Briefs

The Conflict Series examines contemporary conflict situations and conflict-related thematic issues to contribute to enhanced conflict analysis that serves policy planning and policymaking. Several analyses of African conflict situations have been published under the series.

Imagine Africa Series – Policy Briefs

The Imagine Africa Series provided a platform for African experts to discuss potential futures for Africa using strategic foresight scenarios on selected priority areas for Africa-Europe cooperation. Five policy briefs were published under the series and dedicated to the broad theme of ‘people-centred development’. The full list is available here.

African Futures Task Force

From November 2019 to December 2020, the EUISS ran an African Futures Task Force. Its main objective was to explore trends affecting the future of Africa in the next ten years, emphasising challenges and opportunities for policymaking. The task force resulted in the publication of the Chaillot Paper ‘African Futures 2030: free trade, peace and prosperity’ on 9 March 2021.

 

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  • Title of the meeting on blue background © EUISS
    18April 2023

    Tumultuous developments in global, regional and local politics have shaped a new geopolitical context for the Horn of Africa. The 20th EUISS-COAFR session discussed the new geopolitics of the region and its implications for EU engagement.

  • Map of Africa - © Unsplash
    14April 2023

    On 14 April,Giovanni Faleg delivered a presentation on EU strategies towards Africa at the seminar “African Security: Agency, Strategies, Perspectives”, organised by the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies.

  • Download Brief
    28March 2023
    While it is a key pillar of the AfCFTA , transport connectivity has the potential to either advance or hinder peacebuilding and stabilisation efforts in Africa. This Brief examines the linkage between connectivity and conflict dynamics, and how conditions can be created to ensure that connectivity successfully contributes to reducing violence and fragility in the continent.
  • Image of panel - © Egmont Institute
    07March 2023

    On 7 March, the EUISS and the Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations co-organised a workshop on the EU’s engagement with the Great Lakes region.

  • Participants to the seminar sitting around a table with screens © EUISS
    24January 2023

    The Institute and the European External Action Service co-organised an expert seminar to exchange perspectives on geopolitical transformations and their implications for Africa-Europe relations.

  • © EU institute for Security Studies
    29November 2022

    On 29 November, Giovanni Faleg spoke at a webinar on Japan’s policy towards Africa, organised by the Initiative Globale pour la Paix et la Sécurité en Afrique (IGPSA) and the Timbuktu Institute-African Center for Peace Studies.

  • 28November 2022

    On 28 November, the EUISS and the Africa Working Party of the Council of the EU (COAFR) held the 19th session of the EUISS-COAFR meetings to discuss the future of food security in Africa.

  • Download Brief
    18November 2022
    Despite the fact that Africa is well-positioned to become the world’s breadbasket, many African countries are plagued by food shortages. The final Brief in the Imagine Africa series focuses on the issue of food security in Africa and examines what approaches and policies could be pursued to achieve a Zero Hunger continent by 2030.
  • Image of panel
    17November 2022

    On 17-18 November, Giovanni Faleg participated in the seminar “Consolidating maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea: present and future of an alliance for stability and prosperity”.

  • Image of panel
    07October 2022

    On 7 October, Giovanni Faleg participated in the conference “Foresight in the European Union”, organised by the European General Studies programme and the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies.

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  • Image of panel
    17November 2022

    On 17-18 November, Giovanni Faleg participated in the seminar “Consolidating maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea: present and future of an alliance for stability and prosperity”.

  • Image of panel
    07October 2022

    On 7 October, Giovanni Faleg participated in the conference “Foresight in the European Union”, organised by the European General Studies programme and the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies.

  • Bridge by waterfalls. Photo by James Forbes on Unsplash
    04October 2022

    Giovanni Faleg participated in a webinar organised by Amani Africa, the Institute of Security Studies, the Institute for Peace and Security Studies and the European Centre for Development Policy Management on the topic “Can the Ukraine conflict build bridges between Africa and Europe?”.

  • Title of the event
    26September 2022

    On 26 September, the EUISS and the European Council’s Working Party on Africa (COAFR) held their eighteenth meeting to discuss and celebrate a fundamental partner to Europe: the African Union (AU).

  • barb wire fence
    14September 2022

    On 14 September, Giovanni Faleg spoke at the Webinar “Sub-Saharan Africa Risk Outlook: Internationalisation of protracted conflicts and faltering responses” organized by the International Institute for Security Studies (IISS).  

  • 25May 2022

    On 25 May, the EUISS and the French Presidency of the EU, with the support of the European External Action Service, organised a roundtable on “Countering Information Manipulation in CSDP”.

  • Participants to the discussion sitting around tables © EUISS
    23May 2022

    The Institute participated to the 2022 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development. Together with the United State Institute for Peace, and the Peace in our Cities network, we organised a roundtable on urbanisation, fragility, violence and climate change.

  • Image featuring the title of the meeting
    12May 2022

    On 12 May, the EUISS and the Africa Working Party of the Council of the EU (COAFR) held their seventeenth meeting to discuss the new geopolitical frontlines in Africa.

  • Microphone - Photo by Matt Botsford on Unsplash
    12May 2022

    On 12 May 2022, the Institute held its first Twitter Space, discussing geopolitical frontlines in Africa, a topic covered in our African Spaces Chaillot Paper.

  • Image featuring the title of the meeting
    23March 2022

    On 23 March, the EUISS and the European Council’s Working Party on Africa (COAFR) held their sixteenth meeting to discuss the rise of hybrid threats in sub-Saharan Africa, and how these are manifested in the macro-region and beyond.

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