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Asia

Asia is a region in flux. The rise of China and India, in addition to a host of foreign and security policy challenges, have increasingly led the EU to formulate a more political and strategic approach towards the region. In particular, contributing to a stable security environment is becoming increasingly important for the EU if it wishes to maintain its current socio-economic position.

In geopolitical terms, China’s sustained growth provides neighbouring countries with economic opportunities, but also with strategic challenges. Furthermore, Beijing’s defence modernisation has altered the security perceptions in the region, causing the US and its Asian allies to reassess their threat perceptions and defence strategies to varying degrees.

Growing Chinese assertiveness takes place outside of - and in potential opposition to - the US system of alliances which has so far guaranteed peace and stability in the region. The region’s policy makers are therefore increasingly looking for ways to accommodate these changing power relations in an environment still beset by competing nationalisms. Other security threats include the potential for conflict - including the risk of a nuclear confrontation - between India and Pakistan as well as between North and South Korea.

EU strategic and security interests include investing and supporting regional integration mechanisms (ASEAN, ASEM, SAARC); engaging with other emerging powers in South-East Asia and supporting post-conflict reconstruction in Afghanistan; securing Europe´s energy supply; and addressing state weakness as well as a cross-cutting concern with regards to strengthening the rule of law and human rights throughout the continent. 

The EUISS pays particular attention to the evolving security and strategic dynamics in Asia and their potential effects on the EU. This includes the global implications of the rise of China and India; the security environment and international relations in East Asia, and Chinese foreign policy. The EUISS also researches the conflict in Afghanistan (and its regional dimensions) and South Asian security dynamics including the internal developments and foreign policies of India and Pakistan.

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    19 July 2017

    This Alert focuses on the new South Korean President's efforts to pursue a policy of re-engagement with Pyongyang, and assesses to what extent this approach has chances of success, given the paucity of other diplomatic options.

  • Download document
    19 July 2017

    This Report - the outcome of a dedicated EUISS Task Force - seeks to decipher what kind of global actor we can expect China to be, given its growing international profile and ambitions. What do current trends indicate regarding the direction of its future foreign and security policy in Asia and beyond? And how can Europe engage with its Chinese partner while securing its own position and interests?

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    18 July 2017

    This Alert examines how Chinese-financed infrastructure projects in the Western Balkans often serve as a conduit for China’s political and normative influence, exacerbating both the high levels of corruption and governance problems that exist in the region.

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    05 July 2017

    This Brief presents an overview of the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan) – analysing the difficulties and challenges that the Mission faced from the time it was launched in 2007 until its closure in 2016. The Brief also identifies several ‘lessons learned’ that could be of benefit to future missions of this type.

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    29 June 2017

    The fourth edition of the EUISS Security Monthly Stats (SMS) looks at the issue of food security and famines. What countries are most at risk? And how is the international community responding?

  • Download document
    19 June 2017

    This Report presents a number of grey swan scenarios which are designed to help decision-makers think about possible responses to crises and how they can be prevented. They cover a wide variety of geographical and operational situations while never explicitly calling into question specific EU actions or policies – only general EU principles and interests.

  • 16 June 2017

    On 16 June, with the support of the Permanent Representation of Belgium to the EU, the EUISS organised a seminar to analyse a series of issues in relation to the planning, conduct, and handover of EUPOL Afghanistan.

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    07 June 2017

    This Report, which draws on the main presentations made during the 2016 CSCAP EU Committee meeting devoted to this topic, examines the role of the EU as a preventive diplomacy actor and explores how in pursuing this strategy it can contribute positively to security in the Indo-Pacific region.

  • 28 March 2017

    The third and final meeting of the 'Chinese Futures Task Force' focused on China as a global actor. The meeting discussed China’s engagement within the international system, namely its interactions with other global powers, its role in global governance, and the future of EU – China relations.

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    15 February 2017

    China’s endeavour to establish new economic corridors in the region covered by the block’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) policy poses both opportunities and challenges. What are the best policy solutions to achieve synergy between European and Chinese projects in the region?

Pages

Pages

  • 16 June 2017

    On 16 June, with the support of the Permanent Representation of Belgium to the EU, the EUISS organised a seminar to analyse a series of issues in relation to the planning, conduct, and handover of EUPOL Afghanistan.

  • 28 March 2017

    The third and final meeting of the 'Chinese Futures Task Force' focused on China as a global actor. The meeting discussed China’s engagement within the international system, namely its interactions with other global powers, its role in global governance, and the future of EU – China relations.

  • 15 February 2017

    The second meeting of the 'Chinese Futures Task Force' looked into the drivers of China’s foreign and security policy in Asia.

  • 15 December 2016

    The inaugural meeting of the 'Chinese Futures Task Force' focused on the evolution of China’s domestic political environment by the horizon of 2025.

  • 02 December 2016

    On Friday, 2 December, the CSCAP EU Committee convened for its fourth annual meeting in Brussels. Following a briefing from EEAS officials on recent developments related to EU policy in Asia and a progress report on the implementation of the EU Global Strategy, the Committee held several workshop sessions on the EU’s preventive diplomacy in Asia.

  • 18 November 2016

    On 18 November 2016, the EUISS, in collaboration with the China Institutes for Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), hosted the EU-China Strategic Dialogue in Brussels.

  • 04 November 2016

    The Observer Research Foundation, the European Union Institute for Security Studies, and Chatham House held an event on the prospects for security cooperation at the Embassy of India to Belgium, Luxembourg and the EU on 4 November 2016.

  • 26 September 2016

    A closed-door workshop and a public conference on ‘Prospects for EU-India Security Cooperation’ was organised by the ORF, in collaboration with the EUISS and Chatham House, on 26 September, 2016, in New Delhi.

  • 14 September 2016

    The EUISS and the Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) held their first joint seminar exploring prospects for greater strategic cooperation between the EU and Japan.

  • 20 November 2015

    The CSCAP EU Committee held its third annual meeting in Brussels on Friday 20 November. The meeting was also included as part of the expert outreach and consultation process for the preparation of the EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy.

Pages

Pages

  • Download document
    19 July 2017

    This Report - the outcome of a dedicated EUISS Task Force - seeks to decipher what kind of global actor we can expect China to be, given its growing international profile and ambitions. What do current trends indicate regarding the direction of its future foreign and security policy in Asia and beyond? And how can Europe engage with its Chinese partner while securing its own position and interests?

  • Download document
    19 July 2017

    This Alert focuses on the new South Korean President's efforts to pursue a policy of re-engagement with Pyongyang, and assesses to what extent this approach has chances of success, given the paucity of other diplomatic options.

  • Download document
    18 July 2017

    This Alert examines how Chinese-financed infrastructure projects in the Western Balkans often serve as a conduit for China’s political and normative influence, exacerbating both the high levels of corruption and governance problems that exist in the region.

  • Download document
    05 July 2017

    This Brief presents an overview of the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan) – analysing the difficulties and challenges that the Mission faced from the time it was launched in 2007 until its closure in 2016. The Brief also identifies several ‘lessons learned’ that could be of benefit to future missions of this type.

  • Download document
    29 June 2017

    The fourth edition of the EUISS Security Monthly Stats (SMS) looks at the issue of food security and famines. What countries are most at risk? And how is the international community responding?

  • Download document
    19 June 2017

    This Report presents a number of grey swan scenarios which are designed to help decision-makers think about possible responses to crises and how they can be prevented. They cover a wide variety of geographical and operational situations while never explicitly calling into question specific EU actions or policies – only general EU principles and interests.

  • Download document
    07 June 2017

    This Report, which draws on the main presentations made during the 2016 CSCAP EU Committee meeting devoted to this topic, examines the role of the EU as a preventive diplomacy actor and explores how in pursuing this strategy it can contribute positively to security in the Indo-Pacific region.

  • Download document
    15 February 2017

    China’s endeavour to establish new economic corridors in the region covered by the block’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) policy poses both opportunities and challenges. What are the best policy solutions to achieve synergy between European and Chinese projects in the region?

  • Download document
    15 February 2017

    Four years after Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the ‘New Silk Road’ initiative in 2013, the main thrust of the infrastructure projects has been in Asia. However, the Western Balkans is also becoming increasingly involved in related discussions and projects on its western end.

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    15 February 2017

    This Chaillot Paper sets out to evaluate the scope and the actual implementation of the ‘pivot to the East’ announced by Moscow in the wake of its confrontation with the West over Ukraine. The paper highlights the areas of convergence and divergence between Moscow and Beijing, the asymmetries in interests and resources, and their wider implications for Russia’s policy in Asia – thus providing an insightful and balanced assessment of bilateral relations and their ‘systemic’ impact.

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