The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is a constitutive part of EU foreign policy. Through its nearly 30 military operations and civilian missions over the last decade, the EU has contributed to regional and global stability with a variety of activities ranging from post-conflict stabilisation and reconstruction (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo) to security sector reform (Democratic Republic of Congo, the Sahel).
In addition, the Union has engaged in capacity-building (Somalia, Mali), peace monitoring (Indonesia, Georgia), and anti-piracy efforts (Gulf of Aden).
The Lisbon Treaty has consolidated the EU crisis management apparatus and provided the framework for the development of a comprehensive approach, bringing together various EU instruments for a greater impact. In parallel, efforts have concentrated on enhancing civilian and military capabilities (EU Battlegroups, pooling and sharing) as well as on strengthening the European defence technological and industrial base. While achievements are tangible, the EU security and defence policy now finds itself politically and financially constrained at a time when both shifting centres of power and the rapid evolution of threats require high levels of adaptability and cohesion. The EUISS continues to support the development of CSDP through targeted outreach activities and expert publications.