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Security and defence

The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is a constitutive part of EU foreign policy. Through its nearly 30 military operations and civilian missions over the last decade, the EU has contributed to regional and global stability with a variety of activities ranging from post-conflict stabilisation and reconstruction (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo) to security sector reform (Democratic Republic of Congo, the Sahel).

In addition, the Union has engaged in capacity-building (Somalia, Mali), peace monitoring (Indonesia, Georgia), and anti-piracy efforts (Gulf of Aden).

The Lisbon Treaty has consolidated the EU crisis management apparatus and provided the framework for the development of a comprehensive approach, bringing together various EU instruments for a greater impact. In parallel, efforts have concentrated on enhancing civilian and military capabilities (EU Battlegroups, pooling and sharing) as well as on strengthening the European defence technological and industrial base. While achievements are tangible, the EU security and defence policy now finds itself politically and financially constrained at a time when both shifting centres of power and the rapid evolution of threats require high levels of adaptability and cohesion. The EUISS continues to support the development of CSDP through targeted outreach activities and expert publications.

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    05 July 2017

    This Brief presents an overview of the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan) – analysing the difficulties and challenges that the Mission faced from the time it was launched in 2007 until its closure in 2016. The Brief also identifies several ‘lessons learned’ that could be of benefit to future missions of this type.

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    07 June 2017

    This Brief looks at the new ‘military planning and conduct capability’ (MPCC) structure. How did this come into existence? And what does it mean for the EU in terms of command structure?

  • 30 May 2017

    This EUISS event launched two new EUISS publications at the one-year mark of the issuance of the EU Global Strategy. With the EUISS ‘Yearbook of European Security’ as the go-to source for facts and figures relevant to the EU and its external action, and ‘After the EUGS: building resilience’ as the third in the series of the EUISS books devoted to the EU Global Strategy and its implementation.

  • 19 May 2017

    The seminar discussed a more tailored approach to Security Sector Reform (SSR) in the EU’s South, looking at challenges in the fields of criminal justice, policing, border control, and counter-terrorism.

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    17 May 2017

    Cyber history provides many examples of crises that should make users, governments and businesses take immediate action. But the recent WannaCry attack shows, all stakeholders have been slow (or unwilling) to learn the lessons of these past experiences and implement effective countermeasures.

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    17 May 2017

    The EUISS Yearbook of European Security (YES) is the Institute’s annual publication compiling key documents and data related to the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). This 2017 edition offers a comprehensive picture of the actors, institutions and processes that underpinned the Union’s foreign and security policy and external action in 2016.

  • 27 April 2017

    The EUISS and the Maltese Presidency of the Council of the EU organised a high-level conference on the EU Global Strategy (EUGS). Following a panel focusing on how the EUGS has driven the EU’s and member states’ foreign policy since June 2016, the conference encouraged debate on the security and defence aspects of the EUGS and the EU’s crisis management strategy for Libya.

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    26 April 2017

    Through carefully targeted financial incentives the European Commission hopes that the European Defence Fund can help change the rules of the game for European defence cooperation. But how might the Commission structure or modulate it?

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    26 April 2017

    This Alert looks at the coordinated annual review on defence (‘CARD’) announced at the end of 2016. How could CARD change the way defence cooperation operates in Europe?

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    26 April 2017

    Over the past decades, defence cooperation has helped European countries preserve their security. Defence cooperation in the second machine age may, however, need to evolve and move beyond traditional joint procurement programmes to pertain also to new domains.

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  • Download document
    05 July 2017

    This Brief presents an overview of the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan) – analysing the difficulties and challenges that the Mission faced from the time it was launched in 2007 until its closure in 2016. The Brief also identifies several ‘lessons learned’ that could be of benefit to future missions of this type.

  • Download document
    07 June 2017

    This Brief looks at the new ‘military planning and conduct capability’ (MPCC) structure. How did this come into existence? And what does it mean for the EU in terms of command structure?

  • Download document
    17 May 2017

    Cyber history provides many examples of crises that should make users, governments and businesses take immediate action. But the recent WannaCry attack shows, all stakeholders have been slow (or unwilling) to learn the lessons of these past experiences and implement effective countermeasures.

  • Download document
    17 May 2017

    The EUISS Yearbook of European Security (YES) is the Institute’s annual publication compiling key documents and data related to the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). This 2017 edition offers a comprehensive picture of the actors, institutions and processes that underpinned the Union’s foreign and security policy and external action in 2016.

  • Download document
    26 April 2017

    Through carefully targeted financial incentives the European Commission hopes that the European Defence Fund can help change the rules of the game for European defence cooperation. But how might the Commission structure or modulate it?

  • Download document
    26 April 2017

    This Alert looks at the coordinated annual review on defence (‘CARD’) announced at the end of 2016. How could CARD change the way defence cooperation operates in Europe?

  • Download document
    26 April 2017

    Over the past decades, defence cooperation has helped European countries preserve their security. Defence cooperation in the second machine age may, however, need to evolve and move beyond traditional joint procurement programmes to pertain also to new domains.

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    22 March 2017

    This Chaillot Paper analyses how Arab states strive to achieve strategic, economic and symbolic goals through indigenous armaments production, with some countries in the region showing a new determination to become more self-reliant in this domain. The paper focuses in particular on how efforts undertaken by Arab states to develop national defence technological and industrial bases (DTIBs) entail new relationships with defence suppliers.

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    01 March 2017

    This Report explores how EU civilian crisis management (CCM) has evolved over the past decade, showing how the concept and activity have been transformed by changes in the international security environment as well as in the EU’s institutional setting.

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    01 March 2017

    The Security Monthly Stats (SMS) is a new publication by the EUISS which illustrates data relevant to the EU's external action using graphical elements. This first issue looks at defence spending levels and arms exports.

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