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Briefs

Raising awareness of both existing and emerging foreign and security policy challenges facing the European Union, EUISS Briefs provide key information in a concise, focused format.

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    05February 2024
    The recent series of military coups in the Sahel has led the EU to reassess its posture in the region. This Brief explores the challenges the EU faces in balancing strategic interests with its commitment to democratic values, and puts forward recommendations for future engagement in a region that remains critical for European security interests.
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    12January 2024
    This Brief analyses the EU’s conflict early warning and analysis system and its role in conflict prevention, and examines how it can be further strengthened to support the EU’s preventive action.
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    18December 2023
    The EU and GCC have a long-standing partnership, but it has been hampered by institutional differences, contrasting values and priorities, and conflicting interests. This Brief explores what steps need to be taken to ensure that the partnership can realise its full potential.
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    06December 2023
    This Brief examines the deteriorating security situation in the Sahel. It makes the case that by eliminating a key source of competition between rival factions, a focus on the protection of civilians may help to break the escalating cycle of violence in the region.
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    30November 2023
    Ahead of the Council meeting of 14-15 December where the issue of enlargement will be at the top of the agenda, this Brief analyses the prospects for breaking the political and institutional impasse in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It argues that while the EU cannot fix the structural problems inherent to the Dayton Peace Agreement, it can incentivise enforcement of its provisions until new rules with popular legitimacy are in place.
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    24November 2023
    This Brief explores how countries’ resilience to foreign information manipulation and interference can be measured, focusing specifically on the context of West Africa, a fast-growing region that is experiencing political turmoil and a geopolitical realignment.
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    21November 2023
    Although the bitter and protracted conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh is now over, the risk of further hostilities between Azerbaijan and Armenia remains high. This Brief argues that the EU should seek deeper strategic engagement in the altered geopolitical landscape as Moscow’s ability to influence developments in the region weakens.
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    16November 2023
    Against the backdrop of the biggest rearmament effort in Europe since the 1950s, this Brief examines whether the EU defence industry is as fragmented as is commonly believed. It argues that new EU initiatives should focus on strengthening long-term demand for critical strategic enablers, but also on facilitating competition in defence industrial sectors where possible to promote innovation and cost control.
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    08November 2023
    This brief examines how Cyber Influence Operations (CIOs) blend the use of cyber force with strategic interference in the Human Domain. It argues that CIOs are akin to 'dirty bombs' in cyberspace, where their initial 'blast' disrupts infrastructures through cyberattacks before their strategic 'dispersal' targets human perception to reshape narratives and alter the power dynamics of the geopolitical chessboard.
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    23October 2023
    This Brief examines how foreign information manipulation and interference (FIMI) represents a challenge to the EU’s global interests and values. Focusing on the Western Balkans and selected African countries – two contexts where the EU’s strategic interests are increasingly at stake due to the growing presence of Russia and China.

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