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Transnational challenges

There is a growing overlap between the EU’s internal and external security problems. Terrorism, organised crime and unregulated migration not only pose a threat to European internal security, but also have a serious impact on the stability of Europe’s immediate neighbourhood. Very often, they find their roots in conflicts and instability further abroad in Africa or Asia.

For some time, the European Union has been active in international debates on the governance of these challenges, and has created new policy instruments of its own. Already in the early 1990s, the EU successfully linked its home-affairs priorities with its Common Foreign and Security Policy. The 2015 migration crisis showed the limits of that approach, and has sparked a new wave of reforms.

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  • Download Brief
    28January 2022
    The energy crisis that engulfed Europe in 2021 continues to be a major source of concern. This Brief looks at the causes of the crisis, analyses its impacts and proposes strategic responses to enhance the EU’s resilience to energy market volatility as it pursues its ambitious decarbonisation strategy.
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    19November 2021
    Of risk and readiness

    This Chaillot Paper shows that successfully tackling climate change in MENA will depend on decisions taken both in the region and outside. Assisting the Arab world in meeting the challenges posed by climate change will be a matter of strategic importance for Europe.

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    27October 2021
    The traditionally secretive and unregulated nature of the art market makes it uniquely exposed to financial crime and the trafficking of cultural artefacts. This Brief examines how organised crime groups take advantage of the inherent opacity of the art market to fund their illicit activities.
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    20October 2021
    The extraterritorial reach of US unilateral sanctions creates both economic and political difficulties for the EU, impinging upon European strategic autonomy. This Brief examines those challenges and explores steps that could be taken to address the situation.
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    06October 2021
    In the past two years the Chinese government, which has long pursued a security-centred approach to data, has been defining its own data governance regime. This Brief aims to shed light on China’s approach to data governance and outlines the challenges that it presents for EU governments and companies, particularly with regard to the risk of data protectionism.
  • Report
    23September 2021

    This report identifies four trends in cyber capacity building and extrapolates their development to explore four potential scenarios that can inform capacity builders’ strategic decision making.

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    13September 2021
    The environmental impact of digital consumption and new technologies calls for globally sustainable data practices. This Brief argues that embracing ‘green digital diplomacy’ represents a strategic opportunity for the EU’s foreign and security policy to exercise influence in an era of geopolitical rivalry and trade tensions.
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    18June 2021
    Preparing for a hotter, increasingly digital and fragmented 2030

    Looking ahead to the horizon of 2030, this Chaillot Paper analyses the need for a conflict prevention approach in the face of three megatrends that will have far-reaching global repercussions.

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    28April 2021
    Bridging nuclear divides

    Our new Chaillot Paper highlights the key role the EU can play in building the intellectual groundwork for the emergence of a new arms control treaty system to replace those agreements which are currently being abandoned.

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    06April 2021
    How to cooperate with collusive states?

    This paper tackles one of the wickedest of questions: how should the EU cooperate with partner governments which collude with criminals?

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