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The cybridisation of EU defence
While the issue of cyber security is pervasive, cyber defence is not. Not only are documents such as the EU Global Strategy replete with references to the challenges emanating from cyber, but EU member states and institutions are taking important steps (such as greater investment in cyber capabilities and the establishment of dedicated national authorities) to ensure Europe’s cyber security. Yet less attention has been paid to the specific defence dimensions of the EU’s cyber security efforts.
Although this is perhaps to be expected, cyber defence cannot be overlooked, not least because it has treaty implications related to EU solidarity (Article 222 TFEU) and mutual defence (Article 42.7 TEU) in case of an attack aimed at EU member states.