Few international actors blur the lines between politics and business to the point of making them indistinguishable as some Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states do. This Brief looks at their distinct political and economic models, which allow the GCC states to deploy economic levers in support of their geopolitical aims in unparalleled ways.
This Brief looks at the economic and political implications of drug trafficking and consumption for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). What problems do states face and how have they responded? And how deep is the symbiotic relationship between drugs and terrorism?