This Chaillot Paper contextualises the dilemmas facing EU policymakers as Europe experienced an unprecedented influx of migrants and refugees in 2015-2016. It examines how the EU’s enlargement, neighbourhood and development policies evolved in response to the migration crisis.
The objective of this Report – the outcome of a consultative project conducted in collaboration with external experts and research institutes – is to reflect on the major trends that will orient Africa’s future looking ahead towards 2025, and to identify the factors which are likely to have the most far-reaching impact on Africa’s economic, political and security trajectory.
This Alert looks at the impact of the ICT on sub-Sharan Africa’s political culture and civil society development. It identifies how various ICT solutions are influencing a number of realms, as well the structural and social limitations to using and spreading ICT tools on the continent.
Threats to maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea range from piracy, armed robbery and oil theft to illegal fishing and trafficking in illicit goods. Their impact on economic development, human and food security is not to be taken lightly.
In 2015, Burundi witnessed political unrest and bloodshed not seen since the end of its civil war. Although political repression has since suppressed dissent, how can the international community – and especially the EU – prepare for an eventual return to violence?
What generalisations can be made about African growth episodes between 1950 and today? This Brief seeks to dispel some of the negative narratives about Africa’s economic record, as well as discern factors which could lead to future growth on the continent.
After tensions between the government and citizens reached a boiling point in November 2015, a vicious cycle of protests and repression subsequently took hold for over a year. What, if anything, has the ruling party learned?
Little effort has been made so far to acquire a comprehensive understanding of transnational organised crime, its political economy and its ambivalent, non-linear relationship with political violence and system stability. This Brief takes a theoretical approach to explain the phenomenon in Africa.
The number of popular protests in Africa has increased significantly since the mid-2000s, reaching its peak in recent years. To what extent can this surge challenge sitting governments or even be the harbinger of broader social and political change on the continent?
This Chaillot Paper represents a foray into a field that is not obviously in the mainstream of WEU's mandate, especially for those who still think that WEU should not stray too far from traditional European tasks. Yet Europe cannot decline the wider, global mission of preventing crises and building stability wherever necessary.