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ESDP: from Cologne to Berlin and beyond: operations, institutions and capabilities
The German Presidency of the European Union and the EU Institute for Security Studies jointly organised a major conference in Berlin to take stock of the achievements accomplished since the launch of ESDP, and define the challenges and priorities for the coming years. Over 130 senior national and European officials, as well as prominent experts, gathered for a rich and productive exchange. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Javier Solana and Jaap de Hoop Scheffer delivered three major policy speeches at the opening session. Following this, three working groups convened, addressing respectively: ESDP operations, institutions and capabilities. The closing session included interventions from General Henri Bentégeat, Helga Schmid and Michael Schaefer.