It has become a cliché to observe that Europe’s armies need many new military capabilities. But EU governments are still doing very little to remedy the problem. European armed forces struggled to fight alongside the US during the Kosovo war in 1999 because they lacked sophisticated equipment.
As a result EU governments signed up to a number of “headline goals” to improve their military prowess. But it is hard to find much concrete evidence of real improvements in European military equipment over the last decade.
Cooperative programmes do not have a very positive image in some EU Member States because they have often implied delays, unanticipated costs, and long rounds of negotiations between partnering nations. Participating in a multinational programme without a shared approach and common understanding is bound to lead to problems.
This Occasional Paper explores the issue of European armaments cooperation. Such cooperation between countries has often been difficult. Even so, European governments continue to collaborate on multinational equipment programmes for a number of reasons, and successful multinational programmes have manifold benefits.
Daniel Keohane explores the changing context of Irish defence policy in light of the rapid development of the CESDP. He touches on policy considerations germane to all EU member-states with a tradition of neutrality who are having to adjust to a new role in a changing world. Keohane also uses defence policy as a metaphor for the changing internal debate at a time when a strong and polemical discourse is underway about Ireland’s role in the wider world.
Daniel Keohane, a defense expert with the Paris-based European Institute for Security Studies, said the EU's battle group model, created under its Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), means something different to every country.
Daniel Keohane, a Paris-based senior research fellow at the European Union Institute for Security Studies, said however the threat of arrest, even years down the track, could intensify the Libyan conflict and Gaddafi's resolve to stay in power. Reuters
"They've boxed themselves in by describing victory as Gaddafi leaving," said Daniel Keohane of the EU Institute for Security Studies think tank. "I don't think there's any way they can walk away now. There's a political imperative to carry on." Reuters
"Si les forces rebelles apparaissent chercher à se venger des partisans de Kadhafi, cela pourrait créer un énorme problème politique pour l'Alliance parce que le mandat de l'ONU, qui est de protéger les civils, doit s'appliquer à tous", observe Daniel Keohane, de l'Institut d'études de sécurité de l'Union européenne. Le Monde
Fighting in Tripoli could cause large numbers of casualties, including an increased risk of civilian casualties, said Daniel Keohane of the European Institute for Security Studies. Business Spectator
"The EU as a whole does not have a specific position on the handover in command for the military operation, since some member states, in particular Germany, oppose that military operation". Deutsche Welle