What sort of armed forces are Europeans likely to have (and need) by 2025? How might Europeans better organise themselves to take part in the new global competition for wealth, influence and power? This report seeks to place European military capabilities in a broader perspective and demonstrate how the only way to safeguard common ‘strategic interests’ and counter potential risks is to do more together.
The Common Security Defence Policy - CSDP (formerly known as European Security and Defence Policy - ESDP) was launched at the Cologne European Council of June 1999 as an integral part of the Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Since 1999, political, civilian and military bodies have been established in Brussels, common capabilities goals set and a number of crisis management operations have been carried out.
In December 2003, EU leaders agreed on a ‘European security strategy’. This document spells out the main threats facing European security: terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, regional conflicts, failed states and organised crime. None of these challenges are purely military; nor can they be addressed by purely military means. Reflecting this approach CSDP operations have, for the most part, mixed civil and military resources.
The EUISS research programme on security and defence policy covers a number of areas. These include CSDP strategy, institutions, operations and capabilities (both civil and military). The security and defence research programme also looks at the EU’s role in counter-terrorism, curbing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and developing the European defence industry.
The EUISS also works closely with the various CSDP bodies and committees based in the EU institutions in Brussels. These include the Political and Security Committee, the EU Military Committee, the Crisis Management Planning Department, the EU Military Staff, the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability and the European Defence Agency amongst others.
Au cours des dernières années, si l’IdS a indéniablement gagné en importance, il demeure encore méconnu comparativement à la PSDC. Leur histoire est pourtant parallèle et leurs activités complémentaires, de façon à renforcer l’approche globale prônée par l’UE dans la Stratégie européenne de sécurité.
With various political and institutional initiatives across the Union indicating a growing interest in the analysis of trends and factors that may affect Europe’s position in the years and decades to come, the EUISS Director digs deeper into the nature, practice and record of strategic foresight.
The launch of the EU Police Mission (EUPM) was for many the first tangible outcome from the EU CFSP. This joint report contributes, through the identification of key lessons and recom-mendations, to collaborative lessons learning for police reform in BiH, CSDP and the EU’s external action in general.
Les mesures restrictives sont les instruments de prédilection de l’Union européenne (UE) pour imposer des mesures de coercition aux pays tiers. Distinguant les différents cas de figure en cause en fonction de leur coût juridique potentiel, il s’agira ici de proposer un guide pratique du choix des mesures restrictives appropriées.