As the twelfth year of military engagement in Afghanistan draws to a close, NATO troop numbers are set to be significantly reduced and reoriented to training Afghan forces rather than carrying out executive security functions. But how will international actors (including the EU) recalibrate their approach in order to ensure stability in both Afghanistan and the wider region?
Pakistani politics rarely wants for intrigue or, unfortunately, blood. Last week’s murder of Chaudhry Zulfiqar Ali, the chief prosecutor investigating the 2007 assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, is just the latest atrocity to strike Pakistan’s bloodiest election campaign in years. Though Ali’s murder may not have been related to the Bhutto assassination (he was also prosecuting seven members of the banned terrorist organisation, Lashkar-e-Taiba, over their alleged role in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks), the timing of the murder, just before the May 11 parliamentary elections, is bound to cause intense political speculation.
Those responsible for Bhutto’s assassination have never been charged, though both Western and Pakistani intelligence have fingered the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, or Pakistani Taliban. The president at the time of Bhutto’s assassination - General Pervez Musharraf, himself targeted by extremist militants multiple times during his nine-year dictatorship - was charged in absentia in 2011 for allegedly facilitating the attack. To complicate the situation further, Musharraf returned from his self-imposed exile this spring with the intention of running for parliament. Surprisingly, his candidacy was declared inadmissible and he is now under arrest and facing a string of serious charges.
This reversal of fortune for the one-time dictator is just one indicator of how uncertain the exercise of power has become in Pakistan as the country adapts to recent changes in its political institutions and the make-up of the electorate.