The EUISS organised a Panel Discussion in New York on R2P in cooperation with the Liaison Office of the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union with the United Nations, and the collaboration of the Center on International Cooperation, NYU.
Implementing R2P in Libya – how to overcome the inaction of the UN Security Council
Analysis - 08 March 2011
by Luis Peral
The UN Security Council Resolution 1970 on the situation in Libya does not provide a satisfactory answer to the question of how the international community should intervene to prevent the massacre of civilians that is allegedly currently taking place in that country. This means that an alternative approach must be considered.
If the body whose primary responsibility it is to preserve international peace and security does not provide a timely – i.e. immediate – response to a ‘gross and systematic violation of human rights’ characterised by attacks on the civilian population which ‘may amount to crimes against humanity’, as the Resolution acknowledges, other actors in the international community are entitled to take the lead under international law and implement the Principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), provided certain legal conditions are met.